When Humans Were Prey The Earth 10,000 Years Ago | 10,000 2 weeks ago   09:52

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Not too long ago, our early human ancestors were under constant threat of attack from predators. And it turns out that this difficult chapter in our history may be responsible for the adaptations that allowed us to become so successful.

Thanks to Julio Lacerda and Studio 252mya for the illustrations of the Taung Child. You can find more of Julio's work here: https://252mya.com/gallery/julio-lacerda

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References:
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/fossils/taung-child
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/species/paranthropus-robustus
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-fossils/fossils/oh-8
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4729050.stm
http://time.com/5424347/remains-neanderthal-giant-bird-poland/
http://scienceinpoland.pap.pl/en/news/news%2C31287%2Cscientists-discover-oldest-human-remains-poland-they-are-over-100000-years-old.html
Berger, L. R. (2006). Brief communication: Predatory bird damage to the Taung type-skull of Australopithecus africanus Dart 1925. American Journal of Physical Anthropology: The Official Publication of the American Association of Physical Anthropologists, 131(2), 166-168.
Berger, L. R., & Clarke, R. J. (1995). Eagle involvement in accumulation of the Taung child fauna. Journal of Human Evolution, 29(3), 275-299.
Berger, L. R., & McGraw, W. S. (2007). Further evidence for eagle predation of, and feeding damage on, the Taung child. South African Journal of Science, 103(11-12), 496-498.
Blumenschine, R. J., Stanistreet, I. G., Njau, J. K., Bamford, M. K., Masao, F. T., Albert, R. M., ... & Fernández-Jalvo, Y. (2012). Environments and hominin activities across the FLK Peninsula during Zinjanthropus times (1.84 Ma), Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution, 63(2), 364-383.
Brain, C. K. (1970). New finds at the Swartkrans australopithecine site. Nature, 225(5238), 1112.
Brain, C. K. (1983). The hunters or the hunted?: an introduction to African cave taphonomy. University of Chicago Press.
Bunn, H. T. (1991). A taphonomic perspective on the archaeology of human origins. Annual Review of Anthropology, 20(1), 433-467.
Dart, R. A. (1949). The predatory implemental technique of Australopithecus. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 7(1), 1-38.
Dart, R. A. (1953). The predatory transition from ape to man. Brill.
Dart, R. A. (1958). The Minimal Bone-Breccia Content of Makapansgat and the Australopithecine Predatory Habit. American Anthropologist, 60(5), 923-931.
Hart, D. (2018). Man the hunted: Primates, predators, and human evolution. Routledge.
Hart, D., & Sussman, R. W. (2011). The influence of predation on primate and early human evolution: impetus for cooperation. In Origins of Altruism and Cooperation (pp. 19-40). Springer, New York, NY.
Njau, J. K., & Blumenschine, R. J. (2006). A diagnosis of crocodile feeding traces on larger mammal bone, with fossil examples from the Plio-Pleistocene Olduvai Basin, Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution, 50(2), 142-162.
Njau, J. K., & Blumenschine, R. J. (2012). Crocodylian and mammalian carnivore feeding traces on hominid fossils from FLK 22 and FLK NN 3, Plio-Pleistocene, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Journal of human evolution, 63(2), 408-417.
Pickering, T. R., Schick, K. D., & Toth, N. P. (Eds.). (2007). Breathing life into fossils: taphonomic studies in honor of CK (Bob) Brain. Gosport, IN: Stone Age Institute Press.
Tobias, P. V. (1990). When and by whom was the Taung skull discovered. Para conocer al hombre: homenaje a Santiago Genovése. Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autonoma da Mexico, 207-213.
Washburn, S. L. (1957). Australopithecines: the hunters or the hunted?. American Anthropologist, 59(4), 612-614.
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Comments 1747 Comments

Mo Problems
Humans are still eaten by animals today. I'm from Somalia and my aunt lives way out in the bush. One night her baby crawled out of the hut and was eaten by a hyena.
Knowledge Is Key
*Has anyone ever thought humans are really weird looking?*
Like we are the only mammals without fur... except for those weird cats and freaky dogs.
AND look how we see those abominations 😂
I wonder what animals think about us, like are lions just like "EWW what hell is that thing?"
Random Saidkik
What if we were both pray and predators? That explains our instincts.
E Chin
Dang it! I thought this was a Tier List video
The Mushroom Inside
humans should have been server restricted
my name is my name
revive these humanoids please!
LORD KNOWS
People we are not floating in space and our ancestors did not come from monkeys stop it with the shenanigans.
faiksa
Wrong information.
Abdullah Rahmani
Do You believe in that? Come on man you look smarter than you want us to think you are 🐒😂
ursaltydog
Perhaps we evolved to eat meat as opposed to strictly fruit due to resources being limited and also seeing other prey being killed.. With more protein, our brains developed and further evolution..
King Vince
Not at all. Most the bones were children, meaning the predators were targeting the weak. This does not at all mean that humans were not the predators lol.
The Naked Explanation
Only creatures at lvl 100 is jellyfish immortal
Caleb Favor
Lol stick most of all people in the wilderness today and they would still be prey lmao still a cool video though
Yahudah Israel
Human beings did not evolve.
Jennifer Grove
I 'spect the same can be said of Freud's ideas due to the same WWII Context he was practicing in. While Jung didn't really come in late enuf to truly be objective about Freud, he did the next best thing by developing the ideas of Shadow and Projection and calling us out as a species as those who try to pull the splinters from the eyes of others before noticing the logs in our own.
Nayef O
The theory of evolution is STILL A THEORY !! If you want to believe your ancestors were monkeys go ahead, you're probably better off with your kind, but at least try to think why can't monkeys think just like you do, monkey.
Devine Devine
I don't believe in evolution
Andrius4ajgmt
Subscribe to motion auto tv and junkyard dave
Beefy Gamer64
If we originated from Africa are we aloud to say the n word?
ZyX
And now humans go bird hunting.

The table has turned
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The Earth 10,000 Years Ago | 10,000 When Humans Were Prey 2 weeks ago   15:10

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To celebrate 10,000 we thought we'd make a video exploring what our world was like 10,000 years ago. What was life like for the humans alive at the time? What was the climate like? And what animals were around? Thank you all so much for the support you've given to this channel!

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Sources:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_human_prehistory
https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/domestication/
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